Master in Laboratory Medicine

General Pathology and Laboratory Semiology



Learning outcomes

This unit aims to teach and to transfer competence to the student in order to:

  • Enable the understanding of disease mechanisms and the most important pathological processes, as well as the correct interpretation of signs and symptoms and laboratory diagnostic tests associated with
  • Acquire an adequate vocabulary, so that the technical terms used in the description of pathological processes such as the symptoms of disease are understood
  • Have a better understanding of the clinical and laboratory diagnosis of the most frequent pathologies, based on the analysis and interpretation of clinical and laboratory data


General mechanisms of disease
The inflammatory response
Dyslipidemia and atherosclerosis
Embolic and thrombotic vascular diseases
Hypertension and ischemic heart disease
Heart Failure
Shock Syndrome
Lung Pathology: Respiratory failure and DPOC.
Kidney and urinary disease
Acid ­ base and
Diseases of the Digestive tube ­ esophagus, stomach and intestine
Liver disease
Biliary and pancreatic disease
Diabetes Mellitus
Pathologies of the Pituitary and Thyroid
Pathologies of the adrenal gland
Pathophysiology of the male reproductive system
Pathophysiology of the female reproductive system
Parathyroids and Calcium Metabolism
Bone diseases and Joint diseases

Inflammation and thrombosis

Systemic Diseases:
Liver and biliary tract
Exocrine pancreas
Acid – Base and electrolyte fluids balance
Endocrine glands
Reproductive tract
Muscle, Bone and Joins